Financial Statement Effects Template

Every transaction that a business makes affects its financial statements. Every time a company sells a product or service, collects on an invoice, purchases inventory or supplies, distributes dividends to shareholders, or engages in any other financial transaction, line items on the balance sheet or income statement (and sometimes both) will be impacted.

This is because every time an accountant records a transaction, they debit one account and credit another. This double-entry system helps ensure accuracy in the company’s accounting records and financial statements.

A Financial Effects Template can help you clearly understand the transaction and the impact it may have on a company’s financial statements. 

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Pre-defined Microsoft Excel Template

How do I write a financial performance statement?

Financial statements can be used to evaluate a company’s overall financial performance. These statements typically include:

These statements typically follow a prescribed format that allows shareholders, lenders, and managers to analyze how well a company generates revenues and manages assets, liabilities, and expenses.

The links above provide templates for creating financial performance statements. Most accounting software allows users to generate these reports with the click of a button.

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What are the 5 components of financial statements?

A complete set of financial statements contains five elements:

  1. Assets. Assets are what the business owns and can include land, buildings, furniture and equipment, intellectual property, cash, investments and other noncash assets, inventory, accounts receivable, and prepaid expenses.
  2. Liabilities. Liabilities are what the business owes. They can include accounts payable, notes payable, loans and lines of credit, bank overdrafts, unearned revenue, and accrual expenses.
  3. Equity. Equity represents the owners’ or shareholders’ stake in the company. This can include common stock, contributed capital, and retained earnings, also known as earned capital. Total assets minus total liabilities equal equity.
  4. Revenues. Revenue is the money generated from normal business operations.
  5. Expenses. Expenses are the costs a company insurers to generate revenue. Expenses can include cost of goods sold or cost of sales, wages expense, depreciation, and more. Revenues minus expenses equal net income.

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How do errors affect financial statements?

Errors in financial statements can create a serious threat to the health and productivity of a business. They can create problems during a financial statement audit and trigger an audit by the IRS, state taxing authorities, and other regulators. They can also damage a company’s reputation, result in a loss of public trust, and lead to fines and penalties.

Analyzing the financial statement effects of a transaction can help a company avoid errors by ensuring that the transaction is properly recorded in the accounting software.

Learn how to streamline and improve your financial accounting processes using this financial statement effects template built by accountants, for accountants. Discover the benefits of accurate and complete financial reporting.

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Download this Excel financial statement effects template to help your team analyze and record financial transactions.

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